Wandu Mountain City Tombs China
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Valley of Pyramids – Wandu Mountain City: the Ancient Korean Kingdom in China

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Amid the misty mountains of Jilin, near the city of Jian in northern China, stand the ruins of an ancient Korean kingdom.

Misty Wandu Tomb Ruins China
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Misty mountains and small grass-covered tombs amid early morning light at Wandu Mountain City.

Located on the Chinese side of the Yalu River opposite North Korea today, Wandu Mountain City, started as a fortress to guard the nearby capital of Guonei (now modern Jian).

In 209 AD, Wandu Mountain City became the capital of the Koguryo kingdom.

Kogurgyo Kingdom Wandu Tomb Ruins China
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Misty early morning amid the ruins of the pyramid tombs at Wandu Mountain City (in China), but once part of the ancient Korean Koguryo Kingdom.

While there’s not that much to see at Wandu – a stone guard tower, palace foundations and a (renovated) city wall, it’s the valley of tombs that seize attention.

The Tombs of the Nobles are highlight of Wandu

Aerial Shot Tombs Wandu Mountain City China 1
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Aerial Drone shot of valley of tombs at Wandu Mountain City. Note: part of the old city walls that follow the entire mountain ridge (in a complete – 7 km circle).

The “Tombs of the Nobles” at Wandu Mountain City are mix of burial mounds, large stone cairns and small pyramids.

Wandu Mountain City Wall Ruins China
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Walking the old city walls of Wandu – the capital of the ancient Korean Kingdom of Koguryo, overlooking the “Tombs of the Nobles”.
Wandu City Ruins China
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TOP: Amid the circular mountain walls of Wandu and ruins of a terraced palace; BOTTOM LEFT: our van parked next to tomb ruins on country road, Wei cutting firewood for our portable stove; BOTTOM RIGHT: Wei inspects the old fort walls as we hiked up the steep surrounds above the ruined city.
Wandu Ruins Tomb Of Nobles Panorama China
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Unfortunately, entering the tombs interior wasn’t possible; however, site information boards depict some murals of maidens and warriors.

Alongside other Koguryo tombs and sites scattered around Jian, the other stand-out is the General’s Tomb (Jiangjunfen)

This is the biggest pyramid structure in the region, reaching up 12 meters, built in the 4th century AD and looking slightly Mayan in design.

Tombs Morning Panorama Wandu Mountain City Ruins China
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Wandering the Tombs of the Nobles early morning in Wandu Mountain City ruins near Jian in northern China.

Wandu Mountain City – Travel Tips


All Koguryo main sites are easily accessible by taxi. Bargain for at least 100 RMB for a few hours.

The General’s Tomb is 4km north-east of Jian.

The Wandu site is also a few km from the Jian, in another direction. If you only plan to visit the Valley of Tombs and hike some – or all – of Wandu City walls (allow at least half a day for the whole 7km, steep, undulating wall climb). And in summer it’s very humid – take liters of water if hiking the wall.

Koguryo Kingdom Pyramid Tombs Of Nobles Wandu China
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Pyramid tombs seem from Wandu city walls that follow the surrounding mountains.


An all sites ticket is 100 RMB. But a single Wandu-only site pass is 30 RMB. Likewise, the General’s Tomb is also 30 RMB.


Traveling to these places – especially Wandu, is off the western tourist trail. But a lot of tour groups from South Korea can converge – mostly at the General’s Tomb which is more of a park + garden. However at Wandu Mountain City, it’s calm and up on the distant ruined walls – it’s wild and lonely!

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