Villages Painted by Women – Sirigu, Ghana

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Riding on the back of a motorbike. Racing the dusty red-dirt road towards Sirigu.

It’s blazing hot.

Kids wave from the shade of huge trees.

We’re near the border of Burkina Faso in Northern Ghana and it’s the tradition of painting bright designs across houses that I’ve come to see.

beautiful painted house sirigu village ghana
Woman within her housing compound in Sirigu village in Northern Ghana.

Sirigu Village Painted Houses – Ghana

Sirigu is the most well-known of the painted villages.

Here it’s the woman’s job to decorate the home.

Their designs are abstract geometric and stylized animal figures, either painted on a flat surfaces or molded into relief across the earthen walls.

Woman and baby at painted houses of Ghana in Sirigu village.
Woman and baby at painted houses of Ghana in Sirigu village.

Colors are limited to black, red and white.

Natural local materials are the source of the colors – like red rock, which is crushed to powder to make the paint used on the housing.

compound painted village ghana
Rashid’s grandmother’s house – located in another village – had elaborately-painted walls inside (more below).
Recent floods had wrecked some walls and weathered away paint. And many houses lacked designs; but an NGO has again encouraged the practice, to empower women and retain their culture. Which also attracts visitors, like me.

Folk Art Designs and Meanings of Sirigu Village Painted Houses

DESIGNS OF SIRIGU ¹

Stylised animals:
Cattle: the symbol of wealth.
Python: totem symbol of clan and protection.
Crocodile: totem symbol of saving life of a clan.

Abstract geometrical forms:
Broken calabash: the expression of ever useful.
Male symbols: show masculinity.
Cows: symbols of prosperity

people scenes of the beautiful painted houses in ghana
The beautiful painted houses in Ghana. TOP LEFT: Tribal markings, on the face are symbols of identification and beauty. LOWER LEFT: While many people are animist, many – like this male – have converted to Islam (or Christianity) but still retain aspects of the earlier beliefs. TOP RIGHT: Rashid – friend, guide, taxi-motorbike driver around the area. He stands in his Grandmother’s house. LOWER RIGHT: interior shrine – made from plastered mud – in Grannie’s house; another female artist near her work.
villagers shade under baobao tree northern ghana
Rashid’s grandmother shades beneath a baobab tree as a another villager expresses his curiosity about this foreigner.

Pottery is Another Traditional Skill of Sirigu Women

These containers are for water, local beer, food and as cooking pots.

Pottery also plays an important role in marriage and funeral celebrations.

At the NGO pottery workshop, the women were surprised, then applauded when they were informed – via Rashid – that my country New Zealand, had a female leader (Prime Minister Helen Clarke, at the time).

Kids playing under the shade of tree northern ghana
Kids playing under the shade of tree – away from the harsh mid-day sun.

Sirigu Women are Confined Within a Patrilineal Society

“The man is the head of the family, who may have one or more wives. The senior wife has the central room of the compound. The other women may have their own rooms joined to the senior room by circular walls. The head of the family may have other brothers and their wives and children living in the compound.

Traditionally women are regarded the property of their husbands after the dowry has been paid. Women cannot own land, but may borrow it for farming purposes. They cannot take part in decision making for the family or themselves and have no right to their biological children in case of divorce or decease of their husband.” ²

sirigu village folk art on painted houses of ghana
Folk art of the painted houses in Ghana at Sirigu Village.

Notes: ¹ + ² Sirigu cultural info from: www.swopa.org

Travels in Ghana – 2007


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